Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)

Antimicrobial resistance of organisms monitored and reported on by ESR

On this page you will find the latest reports for each resistance gene or bacterial species recently reported on by the ESR surveillance team. If you wish to read older or archived reports, they can be found in the Archive.

You can also see additional AMR-based data at a glance in the Notifiable disease dashboard and annual reports. 

The Antibiotic Reference Laboratory at ESR is responsible for the national surveillance of antimicrobial resistance among human pathogens. Data from various surveillance systems and sources is used to compile national antimicrobial resistance data:

  • The antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial isolates referred to ESR for further investigation, such as epidemiological typing, is monitored. This surveillance includes Salmonella, Shigella, and invasive isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis.
  • Rare and emerging resistant bacteria are monitored by requesting hospital and community laboratories to refer all such isolates to ESR. Currently this surveillance includes bacteria, especially Enterobacterales, with acquired carbapenemases and vancomycin-resistant enterococci. The full list can be found on our public health page.
  • Periodic point-prevalence surveys of antimicrobial susceptibility among a specific organism using a purpose-collected sample of isolates from throughout the country are conducted.
  • Antimicrobial susceptibility data generated from routine diagnostic susceptibility testing in hospital and community laboratories is collected and analysed, and data can be found here.

Data from this surveillance is routinely published on this webpage.